Gregg v. Georgia (1976) - Bill of Rights Institute

Gregg v. Georgia (1976) - Bill of Rights Institute

Gregg v. Georgia (1976). In 1972, the Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty systems then in place were unconstitutional violations of the Eighth ...

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Bill of Rights (1791) - Bill of Rights Institute

The first 10 amendments to the Constitution make up the Bill of Rights. James Madison wrote the amendments, which list specific prohibitions on governmental  ...

Tech Giants: Steve Jobs and Bill Gates - Bill of Rights Institute

By the mid-1980s, IBM PCs were cheaper and far more prevalent than Apple ... all aspects of business and society in the United States and around the world. ... The innovative work of Bill Gates and Steve Jobs has most clearly contributed ...

Federalism - Bill of Rights Institute

Powers of the national government, Powers shared by national and state governments, Powers of the state governments. Declare and engage in war; Print and ...

Cold War Spy Cases - Bill of Rights Institute

Alger Hiss, pictured here testifying before HUAC, was accused of being a communist and was later charged with perjury and espionage against the United States.

Samuel Adams - Bill of Rights Institute

Samuel Adams was born on September 22, 1722, in Quincy, Massachusetts. He entered Harvard College at the age of 14. During the 1760s, Adams became a ...

Stamp Act Resistance - Bill of Rights Institute

To raise the money, the Stamp Act of 1765 imposed taxes on almanacs, legal ... The colonists did not elect the representatives in Parliament who passed the tax.

The Berlin Airlift - Bill of Rights Institute

By the end of this section, you will: Explain the continuities and changes in Cold War policies from 1945 to 1980. Suggested Sequencing. Use this narrative with ...

Columbian Exchange - Bill of Rights Institute

A large variety of new flora and fauna was introduced to the New World and the Old World in the Columbian Exchange. New World crops included maize (corn), ...

Kent State - Bill of Rights Institute

A map detailing the movements of the National Guard at Kent State and the ... four million students participated in protest activities after the Kent State shootings.

The Annexation of Hawaii - Bill of Rights Institute

With the passage of Hawaiian annexation in 1898, her control of the throne was permanently lost, and Hawaii became a U.S. territory. After a referendum in which  ...

The Missouri Compromise - Bill of Rights Institute

President James Monroe signed the Missouri Compromise into law on March 6, 1820. Subsequently, Clay brokered a second compromise regarding a clause in  ...

What Was the Great Awakening? - Bill of Rights Institute

The evangelical ethos of civil and religious liberty clearly contributed to the rhetoric and ideology of the Revolutionary movement. Claim B. Evangelicals in colonial ...

The Panama Canal - Bill of Rights Institute

Use this Narrative before discussion of the Spanish-American War to allow students to understand arguments for and against imperialism during the late ...

The Dust Bowl - Bill of Rights Institute

Written by: Paul Dickson, Independent Historian. By the end of this section, you will: Explain the causes of the Great Depression and its effects on the economy ...

The Boston Tea Party - Bill of Rights Institute

Primary Sources. Able Doctor, or America Swallowing the Bitter Draught[political cartoon]. London: London Magazine, May and June 1774. http://dp.

Common Sense - Bill of Rights Institute

But as the Colony encreases, the public concerns will encrease likewise, and the ... But the constitution of England is so exceedingly complex, that the nation may ... The new Republican materials, in the persons of the Commons, on whose ...

The Crash of 1929 - Bill of Rights Institute

Explain the causes of the Great Depression and its effects on the economy ... Buying stocks on margin brought hundreds of thousands of new investors into the  ...

The Manhattan Project - Bill of Rights Institute

Led by his scientific advisors to believe that, with great effort, an atomic weapon could be developed by 1944, on June 17, 1942, the president initiated the atomic  ...

Hernando de Soto - Bill of Rights Institute

Soon, however, de Soto would get his chance for greater fame. ... (a) Hernando de Soto accompanied (b) another famous conquistador, Francisco Pizzaro, in his  ...

Thomas Paine - Bill of Rights Institute

In the 1770s, Thomas Paine embodied the American Revolutionary spirit better than any other writer, but the radical road that he followed to Revolutionary France ...

The Postwar Red Scare - Bill of Rights Institute

From the end of World War II to the mid-1950s, fear of Communist subversion was a major pre-occupation in American political life. It was not the first time fear of ...

Montezuma and Cortés - Bill of Rights Institute

The meeting of Cortés and Montezuma is shown in this image from a Tlaxcalan mural. The mural was completed by 1560, nearly 40 years after the Spanish ...

The Battle of Antietam - Bill of Rights Institute

... The Dead of Antietam Photography, 1862 Primary Source to allow students to ... This 1888 depiction of the Battle of Antietam shows Union forces on the left ...

Tecumseh and the Prophet - Bill of Rights Institute

Finally, in the dream, the Creator gave the prophet the name Tenskwatawa, which means “the Open Door.” After he accurately predicted the disappearance of ...

McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) - Bill of Rights Institute

Summary. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) is one of the first and most important Supreme Court cases on federal power. In this case, the Supreme Court held that  ...

Jefferson and the Louisiana Purchase - Bill of Rights Institute

In 1801, America learned that Spain had agreed to return Louisiana to France. ... The Louisiana Purchase Treaty would not be final until it was ratified by the ...

Declaration of Independence (1776) - Bill of Rights Institute

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these ...

Bethel v. Fraser (1986) - Bill of Rights Institute

abridging the freedom of speech…” Matthew claimed that his public school, as an instrument of the state, had violated his right to free speech. The school argued ...

Henry Hudson and Exploration - Bill of Rights Institute

Hudson was an Englishman who found employment as a ship captain for the Dutch. ... Merchants in several countries were looking for an alternative to sailing  ...

The Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s - Bill of Rights Institute

Many white, lower middle-class, Protestant Americans in the North and Midwest were fearful that immigrants were changing traditional American culture, and they  ...

Federalist Papers No. 70 (1788) - Bill of Rights Institute

THERE is an idea, which is not without its advocates, that a vigorous ... species of government must at least hope that the supposition is destitute of foundation; ... it will only remain to inquire, what are the ingredients which constit...

Federalist Papers No. 10 (1787) - Bill of Rights Institute

The valuable improvements made by the American constitutions on the popular ... had no foundation, the evidence, of known facts will not permit us to deny that they are ... These must be chiefly, if not wholly, effects of the unsteadiness...

The Structure of the National Government - Bill of Rights Institute

The first national framework of the United States government, the Articles of Confederation, took effect in 1781 and established only one branch of government.

Life in the Spanish Colonies - Bill of Rights Institute

Eventually, the decline in the Native American population and difficulties with the forced-labor system led to the development of wage labor. An image shows a ...

The Red Scare and Civil Liberties - Bill of Rights Institute

The fighting in World War I ended on November 11, 1918, but the ceasefire halted only one of wars America was engaged in during the years 1917-1920. Another ...

Gilded Age Immigration Cartoons - Bill of Rights Institute

Gilded Age Immigration Cartoons. May 6, 2020, marked 138 years since the signing of the Chinese Exclusion Act. Passed by Congress and signed by President ...

Albany Plan of Union - Bill of Rights Institute

Benjamin Franklin had first proposed the idea of an intercolonial government in 1751, and a month before the Albany Congress convened, he had published his  ...

Northwest Ordinance (1787) - Bill of Rights Institute

So soon as there shall be five thousand free male inhabitants of full age in the district, upon giving proof thereof to the governor, they shall receive authority, with ...

Fugitive Slave Act, 1850 - Bill of Rights Institute

Tightening up on federal enforcement in comparison to the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793, the law provided for increased numbers of fugitive slave commissioners.

Dropping the Atomic Bomb - Bill of Rights Institute

President Truman had made perhaps the most difficult decision of the war. In his memoirs, he noted the gravity of the decision while also implying the importance  ...

Fort Sumter and the Coming of the War - Bill of Rights Institute

Compare (a) the depiction of the 1861 bombardment of Fort Sumter with (b) a ... Almost immediately, Virginia seceded and joined the Confederacy; it was soon ... Explain how the battle at Fort Sumter became a symbol for both the Union and&...

Andrew Jackson and Indian Removal - Bill of Rights Institute

When Georgia ignored an 1831 Supreme Court ruling that state laws had no force against Indian tribes, Jackson turned a blind eye. Neither Jackson nor the US ...

Gettysburg and Vicksburg: July 4, 1863 - Bill of Rights Institute

Use this Narrative during the Civil War unit to give students a comprehensive ... lines, so Grant settled in for a siege, the outcome of which was not in doubt. ... 3. Aside from its victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg in 1863, the Unio...

Marbury v. Madison - Case Background - Bill of Rights Institute

Sitting as Supreme Court Chief Justice was John Marshall, a Federalist, and the cousin of Thomas Jefferson. In his landmark opinion, Marshall asserted that ...

Handout F: Carrie Chapman Catt - Bill of Rights Institute

They had assembled at the National American Woman Suffrage Association ( NAWSA) meeting in Atlantic City and were prepared for action. For sixtyeight years, ...

Thomas Paine, Common Sense, 1776 - Bill of Rights Institute

He died in New York in 1809. Sourcing Questions. Describe the historical context of this document. What major events had already taken place by January 1776?

Chapter 13 Introductory Essay: 1945-1960 - Bill of Rights Institute

That promise was to permit all the nations of Europe to become independent and ... suffering and help rebuild and integrate the economies through the Marshall Plan. ... Instead, Eisenhower assumed financial responsibility for the French w...

Chapter 12 Introductory Essay: 1932-1945 - Bill of Rights Institute

Franklin D. Roosevelt was sworn in as president on March 4, 1933, in front of the U.S. ... and control inflation during booms by increasing taxes and decreasing spending. ... Between 1933 and 1937, the economy was beginning to recover an...

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